Rochester is a town and historic city in the Medway area of Kent, south east England. It is situated at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London.

Rochester was for many years a favourite of the Victorian author Charles Dickens, having spent five years as a child growing up in neighbouring Chatham. He based many of his novels on the area and owned the house Gads Hill at Higham in the latter part of his life.