The nineteenth century, and particularly the Victorian era, was a time of great liberal reforms in Britain, improving the lives particularly of ordinary working class people.



Britain had become the most powerful nation in the world as a result of the industrial revolution and overseas expansion. But industrialism took a heavy price on many workers who had to endure long working weeks, poor conditions and little recourse or rights to complain. Children as young as five working in factories and poor male workers and no women had the right to vote.